US Farm Bill

The 2018 Farm Bill changed Federal policy regarding industry hemp, including the removal of hemp from the Controlled Substances Act and the consideration of hemp as an agricultural product. The bill legalized hemp under certain restrictions and expanded the definition of industrial hemp from the last 2014 Farm Bill. The bill also allows states and tribes to submit a plan and apply for primary regulatory authority over the production of hemp in their state or in their tribal territory.

The passage of 2018 U.S. Farm Bill removes the barriers to Hemp farming in America. The Hemp Farming Act clearly defines hemp as an agricultural commodity and removes CBD from the list of federally controlled substances. The passage of the Bill allowed for the creation of the Oklahoma Industrial Hemp Agriculture Pilot Program. This program allows universities and their subcontractors to cultivate industrial hemp for research and development purposes. The Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry will manage the pilot program, establish the certified seed program, and promulgate rules related to licensing and inspections.

Previously, the 2014 Farm Bill defined industrial hemp and allowed for state departments of agriculture or universities to grow and produce hemp as part of research or pilot programs. Specifically, the law allowed universities and state departments of agriculture to grow or cultivate industrial hemp if “(1) the industrial hemp is grown or cultivated for purposes of research conducted under an agricultural pilot program or other agricultural or academic research; and (2) the growing or cultivating of industrial hemp is allowed under the laws of the state in which such institution of higher education or state department of agriculture is located and such research occurs.”

State Action

In 2018, Oklahoma State policymakers took action to address various policy issues — the definition of hemp, licensure of growers, regulation and certification of seeds, state-wide commissions and legal protection of growers.

The Oklahoma Bill, OK ST T. 2 § 3-401/ HB 2913 (2018)

The Bill creates the Oklahoma Industrial Hemp Agriculture Pilot Program and revolving fund for the program. The Bill allows universities, or subcontractors, to cultivate industrial hemp for research and development purposes. Directs the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry to manage the pilot program, establish a certified seed program, and promulgate rules related to licensing, inspections.

Oklahoma State Statutes and Public Acts on Industrial Hemp Research and Cultivation

State Citation Summary
Oklahoma OK ST T. 2 § 3-401 Creates the Oklahoma Industrial Hemp Agriculture Pilot Program and revolving fund for the program.
HB 2913 (2018) Allows universities, or subcontractors, to cultivate industrial hemp for research and development purposes.
Directs the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry to manage the pilot program, establish a certified seed program, and promulgate rules related to licensing, inspections.